Population- and growth-related differences in helminthic fauna of finless porpoises (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis) in five Japanese populations

Shiozaki, Akira; Amano, Masao
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (2017)

A survey of helminths and ectoparasites, including epizoits, was conducted in narrow-ridged finless porpoises (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis) from Japanese five populations using dead stranded or incidentally caught animals. In total, 13…


Estimation of population size and trends for highly mobile species with dynamic spatial distributions

Boyd, Charlotte; Barlow, Jay; Becker, Elizabeth A.; Forney, Karin A.; Gerrodette, Tim; Moore, Jeffrey E.; Punt, André E.
Diversity and Distributions (2017)

Conventional spatial density models assume a constant relationship between densities and habitat covariates over some time period, typically a survey season. The estimated population size must change whenever total habitat…


Genital interactions during simulated copulation among marine mammals

Orbach, Dara N.; Kelly, Diane A.; Solano, Mauricio; Brennan, Patricia L. R.
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (2017)

Genitalia are morphologically variable across many taxa and in physical contact during intromission, but little is known about how variation in form correlates with function during copulation. Marine mammals offer…


Temporary hearing threshold shift in a harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) after exposure to multiple airgun sounds

Kastelein, Ronald A.; Helder-Hoek, Lean; Van de Voorde, Shirley; von Benda-Beckmann, Alexander M.; Lam, Frans-Peter A.; Jansen, Erwin; de Jong, Christ A. F.; Ainslie, Michael A.
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (2017)

In seismic surveys, reflected sounds from airguns are used under water to detect gas and oil below the sea floor. The airguns produce broadband high-amplitude impulsive sounds, which may cause…


Ultrasonography of mammary glands in finless porpoises (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis) at different reproductive stages

Zeng, Xianyuan; Huang, Shiang-Lin; Hao, Yujiang; Wang, Ding; Ji, Junhua; Deng, Xiaojun; Nabi, Ghulam
Marine Mammal Science (2017)

...The Yangtze finless porpoise (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis asiaeorientalis), endemic to the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River and the adjoining Poyang and Dongting lakes (Gao and Zhou 1993), is…


Dead useful; methods for quantifying baseline variability in stranding rates to improve the ecological value of the strandings record as a monitoring tool

ten Doeschate, Mariel T. I.; Brownlow, Andrew C.; Davison, Nicholas J.; Thompson, Paul M.
Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom (2017)

The ecological value of the stranding record is often challenged due to the complexity in quantifying the biases associated with multiple components of the stranding process. There are biological, physical…


Biosonar signal propagation in the harbor porpoise’s (Phocoena phocoena) head: The role of various structures in the formation of the vertical beam

Wei, Chong; Au, Whitlow W. L.; Ketten, Darlene R.; Song, Zhongchang; Zhang, Yu
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (2017)

Harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) use narrow band echolocation signals for detecting and locating prey and for spatial orientation. In this study, acoustic impedance values of tissues in the porpoise's head…


Last call: Passive acoustic monitoring shows continued rapid decline of critically endangered vaquita

Thomas, Len; Jaramillo-Legorreta, Armando; Cardenas-Hinojosa, Gustavo; Nieto-Garcia, Edwyna; Rojas-Bracho, Lorenzo; Ver Hoef, Jay M.; Moore, Jeffrey; Taylor, Barbara; Barlow, Jay; Tregenza, Nicholas
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (2017)

The vaquita is a critically endangered species of porpoise. It produces echolocation clicks, making it a good candidate for passive acoustic monitoring. A systematic grid of sensors has been deployed…


Group characteristics, site fidelity, and photo-identification of harbor porpoises, Phocoena phocoena, in Burrows Pass, Fidalgo Island, Washington

Elliser, Cindy R.; MacIver, Katrina H.; Green, Michelle
Marine Mammal Science (2017)

Little is known about harbor porpoises at the individual level or local group structure. Group characteristics, site fidelity, and photo‐identification of harbor porpoises were investigated off Fidalgo Island, Washington State.…