Physical modeling and validation of porpoises’ directional emission via hybrid metamaterials

Dong, Erqian; Zhang, Yu; Song, Zhongchang; Zhang, Tianye; Cai, Chen; Fang, Nicholas X.
National Science Review (2019)

In wave physics and engineering, directional emission sets a fundamental limitation on conventional simple sources as their sizes should be sufficiently larger than their wavelength. Artificial metamaterial and animal biosonar…


The source parameters of echolocation clicks from captive and free-ranging Yangtze finless porpoises (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis asiaeorientalis)

Fang, Liang; Wang, Ding; Li, Yongtao; Cheng, Zhaolong; Pine, Matthew K.; Wang, Kexiong; Li, Songhai
PLOS ONE (2015)

The clicks of Yangtze finless porpoises (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis asiaeorientalis) from 7 individuals in the tank of Baiji aquarium, 2 individuals in a netted pen at Shishou Tian-e-zhou Reserve and 4…


Modeling of the near to far acoustic fields of an echolocating bottlenose dolphin and harbor porpoise

Wei, Chong; Au, Whitlow W. L.; Ketten, Darlene R.
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (2020)

Echolocation signals emitted by odontocetes can be roughly classified into three broad categories: broadband echolocation signals, narrowband high-frequency echolocation signals, and frequency modulated clicks. Previous measurements of broadband echolocation signal…


Click reception in the harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena): Effects of electrode and contact transducer location on the auditory brainstem response

Mulsow, Jason; Finneran, James J.; Houser, Dorian S.; Nordstrom, Chad A.; Barrett-Lennard, Lance G.; Burkard, Robert F.
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (2018)

Unlike terrestrial mammals that have unambiguous aerial sound transmission pathways via the outer ear and tympanum, sound reception pathways in most odontocetes are not well understood. Recent studies have used…


Biosonar signal propagation in the harbor porpoise’s (Phocoena phocoena) head: The role of various structures in the formation of the vertical beam

Wei, Chong; Au, Whitlow W. L.; Ketten, Darlene R.; Song, Zhongchang; Zhang, Yu
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (2017)

Harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) use narrow band echolocation signals for detecting and locating prey and for spatial orientation. In this study, acoustic impedance values of tissues in the porpoise's head…


Predation by killer whales (Orcinus orca) and the evolution of whistle loss and narrow-band high frequency clicks in odontocetes

Morisaka, T.; Connor, R. C.
Journal of Evolutionary Biology (2007)

A disparate selection of toothed whales (Odontoceti) share striking features of their acoustic repertoires including the absence of whistles and high frequency but weak (low peak-to-peak source level) clicks that…